Blood pressure is defined as the pressure
exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels. Blood
pressure usually means systemic arterial blood pressure. Systemic
arterial blood pressure is the pressure of the blood in the large
arteries, which deliver blood to the various organs of the
Blood pressure can be divided into two types, namely
high blood pressure and low blood pressure.
High blood pressure
High blood pressure is also known as
hypertension. It is diagnosed when the blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg
or higher. In determining blood pressure, both the systolic and the
diastolic numbers are taken into consideration. If one or both of the
numbers are high, you are said to be afflicted with high blood
In general, there are two major and four rarely
found types of high blood pressure.
The two major types of hypertension found are:
1) Primary hypertension: Primary
hypertension has no known cause, and is found in most of the people.
2) Secondary hypertension: Secondary hypertension is basically
caused by certain factors, and is sometimes very much curable.
Apart from these two types of hypertension, there are some
other rare types of hypertension as well. These are:
A) Malignant Hypertension.
B) Isolated Systolic Hypertension
C) White Coat Hypertension
D) Resistant Hypertension
Low blood pressure
Low blood pressure refers to the fall
in blood pressure below the normal accepted level. The normal
accepted level of blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. When the pressure
exerted by blood against the walls of the blood vessels during and
after each heartbeat is much lower than the usual, it is considered
as low blood pressure.
The symptoms of low blood pressure
basically occur because of a decrease in perfusion of the blood to
the brain, heart, skeletal muscle and other organs.
diagnosed with any type of blood pressure, it is essential to follow
a strict treatment regimen along with the required changes in your