Blood Pressure And Your Health

High Blood Pressure and Seeing Black Spots 

Our eyes are wonderful gifts that provide us with the wonder of sight. Eyes are also one of the most sensitive organs of the human body. We need to look after and care for our eyes very well. Regular check-up of eyes is important for individuals, especially persons diagnosed with high blood pressure and diabetes.

High blood pressure, in extreme cases and especially if left untreated  may result in damage to the retina of the eye. The retina is responsible for focusing on an image. If the retina is damaged it may result in blurred vision or even blindness.

This condition is medically known as hypertensive retinopathy. Retinopathy is caused due to the pressure exerted on the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which harms the entire retina area, including the macula.

If a person suffering from retinopathy is diagnosed with diabetes, the condition only worsens, resulting in blurred vision or distortion in near vision that affects the reading.
This is a long-term side effect of diabetes, particularly when the person is suffering from high blood sugar for a long time.

Diabetic retinopathy symptoms include blurred vision, floaters (seeing black spots or cobweb like shapes) or blindness (temporary or permanent). High blood pressure and sugar levels injure the blood vessels in the eyes. These damaged blood vessels may rupture and leak fluid and blood. This may result in cloudy vision and irreversible damage to the retina.

High blood pressure and seeing black spots are early symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. The probability and severity of diabetic retinopathy is proportional to the duration of disease. The eye doctor can diagnose it during a regular checkup.

An early diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure and black spots can prevent the entire retina from getting damaged. The treatment can be done with procedures such as photocoagulation or vitrectomy.

It is very important for people who suffer from high blood pressure to keep their blood pressure under control, especially if they are diabetic.