Hypertension Risk Factors

Hypertension and Renal Failure

Hypertension can lead to many more serious ailments if left unchecked with renal failure as one of the many risks that a patient runs if appropriate treatment is not carried out for the same.

What hypertension does to the kidney
Hypertension is reportedly the second biggest cause of renal failure with 20-30 % of patients suffering from it also being diagnosed with the former condition. This happens due to damage caused to the vessels and filters of the kidney due to severe hypertension and makes it difficult to remove waste from the body.

With damage to the large arteries leading to the kidneys as well as the tiny blood vessels within the kidneys, filtering waste from the blood becomes difficult. This can eventually result in dangerous levels of accumulated fluid and waste inside the body. Such a condition could very well require rigorous treatments such as kidney replacement or dialysis. The extra fluid in the body also leads to high blood pressure triggered by stiff, clogged or narrow blood vessels.

Symptoms of renal failure
* High blood pressure as a result of hypertension.
* Decreased amount of urine or difficulty in urinating.
* Fluid retention in the body, especially in the lower legs.
* Urge to urinate more often and especially at night.

Treatment for renal failure
Most people who suffer from renal failure opt for either kidney transplants or a blood cleansing procedure better known as dialysis. Each of these solutions are not particularly comprehensive and have their own disadvantages. Dialysis, as a treatment is not a permanent cure but a temporary one. A transplant requires for medication to be taken regularly along and also runs risks of many other complications. Therefore, keeping the blood pressure under control is a very important task indeed.

Treatment for Hypertension

High blood pressure is synonymous with hypertension and needs to be controlled to effectively prevent renal failure from occurring. Medication is required by a sizeable number of the population to control blood pressure. The most common type of medications prescribed include beta, receptor and calcium channel blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers and diuretics- better known as water pills which help the patient urinate and get rid of the excess fluids in the body.

Maintaining weight and controlling diet is another way to combat hypertension induced high blood pressure. Choosing low fat foods with plenty of fruit, vegetable and grains over high calorie snacks can go a long way in contributing to good health. Sodium intake also needs to be reduced if you suffer from high blood pressure. Plenty of exercise with at least 30 minutes of activity each day helps too.

Other ways to combat high blood pressure include getting blood pressure checked at regular intervals and avoiding consumption of too much alcohol or caffeine. A healthy lifestyle with adherence to the doctor's orders can help a patient prevent or cope with renal failure triggered by hypertension more comprehensively.