Hypertension Risk Factors

What All Can High BP Do To Your Various Body Parts?

High BP does more harm to your body than you can actually think of. Besides, impacting your overall health, it also affects individual body parts. Let us take a look at some body parts that suffer as a result of high BP.

Brain
High blood pressure can narrow the blood vessels in your brain. It may even cause rupturing of blood vessels in the brain, which is known as a stroke. This can damage the brain. Some times, high blood pressure damages the blood vessels due to which oxygen cannot reach the brain. As a result, a person may suffer from memory loss or face difficulties in concentrating.

Heart
Your heart is one of the worst affected organs due to high blood pressure. High blood pressure makes your heart pump blood harder. Over a period of time, this makes your heart muscles thicker and stiffer, resulting in inefficient heart function. This may result in a coronary attack, irregular heartbeat and even heart failure. The heart may also become enlarged as a result of high BP.

Arteries
High blood pressure can damage your arteries as well as blood vessels. Arteries control the pressure of flow of blood by either narrowing or opening up. Increased blood pressure causes your arteries to narrow down. Sometimes, the arteries may get damaged as a result of high pressure being exerted by the blood that flows through it.

Kidneys
Kidneys and high blood pressure are both interlinked. High BP affects the efficiency of kidney and leads to the development of kidney diseases and vice versa. Kidneys perform the function of filtering waste through the body. High BP does not allow your kidneys to function properly, which results in kidney diseases and may even lead to kidney failure.

Eyes
You may also deal with vision problems as a result of HBP. High blood pressure means that the blood is exerting an increased pressure on the walls of blood vessels and arteries. This includes the blood vessels present at the back of your eyes. Since the vessels at the back of the eye are sensitive, they may even burst as a result of increased pressure.

Limbs
Increased blood pressure makes your heart work harder than needed. Over a period of time, the efficiency of the heart decreases and it is not able to pump blood as required. This causes build up of fluid in the ankles as well as the limbs. As a result, the ankles tend to swell up and a person may experience difficulty walking or standing.

Now that you know of the harmful effects of high BP, it is time that you take steep measures to keep your blood pressure in control.