High Blood Pressure

Medication Part II: Medical Treatment For High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is one disease that calls for steady lifestyle changes along with regular medication to cure. If you or any of your loved ones are suffering from hypertension, you must take note of the common medicines prescribed for the treatment.
Have a glance here:

Diuretics:
Diuretics have been the mainstays of anti-hypertensive therapies for many years. Diuretics are especially helpful for treating the elderly and African-American patients.

These protect against stroke and blood clots. These are inexpensive and available easily with a number of brands producing them.

Diuretics are basically, of three primary types, namely:

1) Thiazides
2) Loop diuretics and
3) Potassium sparing agents

Beta-Blockers:
Beta-blockers affect the force and frequency of heartbeats. They slow certain metabolic processes, and ease the workload of the heart. These are available in many brands including acebutolol (Sectral), atenolol (Tenormin), betaxolol (Kerlone), metoprolol (Lopressor), nadolol (Corgard), penbutolol (Levatol), pindolol (Visken), and carvedilol (Coreg).

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors:
Basically, Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors block the effects of the angiotensin-renin-aldosterone system. Though they work wonders for patients with diabetes, they are quite expensive. They also improve the function of the heart and lung muscle. Some ACE brands include enalapril (Vasotec), quinapril (Accupril), benazepril (Lotensin), ramipril (Altace, Tritace), and perindopril (Aceon, Coversyl).

Calcium-Channel Blockers (CCBs):
Calcium antagonists reduce the blood pressure then and there. But, they are expensive. They have their own side-effects. And they are not as effective as diuretics in preventing heart failure. Some of the CCB brands are diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac), amlodipine (Norvasc), felodipine (Plendil), isradipine (DynaCirc), verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, Verelan, Verelan PM, Covera-HS), and nisoldipine (Sular).

Angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs):
These are also called Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists. ARBs too have side effects such as cough, headaches, dizziness, nasal congestion, elevated potassium blood levels, and abnormal kidney functions.

It is believed that these may improve sexual function in men. These drugs are very expensive. ARB brands include olmesartan (Benicar) candesartan (Atacand), telmisartan (Micardis), eprosartan (Teveten), and irbesartan (Avapro, Aprovel, Karvea).

Alpha Blockers:
Alpha blockers widen arterioles and veins and thus reduce blood pressure.

Vasodilators:
Vasodilators are often used in combination with a diuretic or a beta-blocker. They are almost never used alone. Some of the popular brands include hydralazine (Apresoline), clonidine (Catapres), and minoxidil (Loniten).

Apart from all these, other medicines such as, Aldosterone Blockers, Neutral Endopeptidase Inhibitors (NEPs) and Statins to treat hypertension are also recommended.