High Blood Pressure

Types of Blood pressure medicine

Blood pressure is referred to as the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels, arteries and capillaries. Blood pressure is measured in a combination of two numbers i.e. one is the systolic pressure and the other is the diastolic pressure.

Blood pressure has been responsible for many complications in the body and can result in serious complications or be fatal if left untreated. Therefore doctors always recommend the treatment and management of high blood pressure as soon as an individual is diagnosed with it. Doctors prescribe medication as the quickest means to control blood pressure.

Blood pressure medication is usually prescribed only after the underlying causes have been accurately determined. Each underlying cause has a different medication. In case your blood pressure is due to a combination of reasons then the doctor is likely to prescribe more than one medication.

The following are the categories of general blood pressure medicines.

Diuretics: Examples of medicines that fall under this category are lasix, thalitone, esidrix and lozol. They are meant to remove the excess water and salt from your body. This decreases the volume of blood and helps in reducing blood pressure.

Beta Blockers: Medicines like sectral, tenormin, coreg, lopressor and inderal are called beta blockers. These medicines help in reducing the heart beat so that the blood pressure or blood force from heart on the vessels is reduced.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors: These medicines are also called ACE inhibitors which include medicines like benazepril, vasotec, quinapril and trandoapril. These medicines inhibit the body from making the hormones called angiotensin II, which help in hardening the arteries. Once the stiffening of the arteries is reduced the blood pressure comes down.

Alpha-blockers: The medicines like doxazosin and terazosin are used as alpha blockers which relax the arteries and reduce the impact of blood pressure on them.

There are many blood pressure medicines apart from these, but you should never take them on your own. Always consult the doctor who will be able to diagnose your condition and prescribe proper medication.