Basics

Elevated Blood Pressure- The Silent Killer!

Due to some reasons the blood vessels in the body constrict. This results in augmenting the pressure in the blood flow. This condition is referred to as elevated blood pressure.

How common is the problem of elevated blood pressure?
There are umpteenth number of people who have the problem of elevated blood pressure but they are not even aware of it. This is a problem that has engulfed numerous people in the whole world. A survey in the United States of America has revealed that the problem of elevated blood pressure is the second most common reason for doctor visits in the United States. This shows that this problem is very common amongst people in the United States.

What are the types of elevated blood pressure?
Elevated blood pressure is of two types. One is primary and the other is secondary. If the problem of elevated blood pressure arises due to any other illness then it is called secondary hypertension. If there is no other cause for the occurrence of elevated blood pressure then it is refereed to as primary blood pressure.

What is the percentage of people suffering from primary and secondary hypertension?
From all the people affected by the problem of elevated blood pressure, nearly ten percent have secondary hypertension which is caused due to some other illness and 90 % of the people are suffering from primary hypertension.

What are the causes of elevated blood pressure?
The main causes of secondary hypertension are-
- Pregnancy
- Use of birth control medicines
- Tumors
- Alcohol
- Persisting kidney disease
- Thyroid dysfunction

The causes of primary hypertension are not known. But, there are certain factors that lead to the problem of elevated blood pressure, such as-

Age– Age is a factor that can't be changed. As one grows older, the arteries in the body become stiffer thus deteriorating the blood flow and thus results in causing elevated blood pressure. As one grows older, the chances of afflicting the disease become stronger.

Socioeconomic status- People from lower socioeconomic group are found to have more chances of getting elevated blood pressure. People from south eastern part of United States are more prone to the problem of elevated blood pressure than the people from other regions.

Family history– The problem of elevated blood pressure is hereditary.

Gender – Men have a greater tendency to have the problem of elevated blood pressure more than women.