Basics

High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

High Blood pressure during pregnancy can be the outcome of a pre-existing high blood pressure condition. It may even develop even if the patient does not have a history of high blood pressure.  Hypertension in the latter case is better known as gestational hypertension.

It is estimated that around 8% of women suffer from hypertension during pregnancy. Although a condition that is serious, it can be prevented provided the patient undergoes proper pre-natal checkups.

Irrespective of the reasons, hypertension during pregnancy is dangerous for the health of the baby and the mother. High blood pressure can cause a decrease in the nutrients that are available to the infant through the placenta, thus retarding the baby’s growth and development. It may also result in low birth weight or premature delivery.

It is a condition that needs to be monitored especially if the patient has a history of hypertension or otherwise is at risk of developing this condition.  A condition that may develop if hypertension during pregnancy is not treated properly or in time is preeclampsia.

This is a serious condition characterized by symptoms such edema (retention of fluids), increase in weight, albumin in the urine, nausea and headaches. This is a condition that may take place during the last trimester of pregnancy. Preeclampsia is a serious health condition that may warrant an early delivery through either c-section or induction of labor.

There may be a number of reasons that contribute to preeclampsia. One of the factors that put a patient to risk is an existing condition of diabetes. Diabetic patients may experience preeclampsia during the last trimester of their pregnancy.

Effective treatment and management of high blood pressure in the initial stages of pregnancy helps in reduction of the chances of preeclampsia during the final trimester.