BP Basics

Diastolic Blood Pressure and How to Deal with Its Fluctuations

Blood pressure (BP) is the amount of force exerted on the walls of the arteries when blood passes through them. The blood pressure reading mentions two kinds of pressures. The first is the diastolic pressure- this is the pressure exerted in the arteries when the heart is in a state of rest. The second is the systolic pressure- this is the pressure exerted in the arteries when the heart is in a state of beating.
Blood pressure can be read as 130 above 90 or 130/90 where 130 refers to the systolic pressure and 90 refers to the diastolic pressure.

Low Diastolic Blood Pressure
When the diastolic pressure in the body is low, the circulating blood in the body is not in a position to bring oxygen or nutrients to the cells of the body. This also prevents removal of waste matter from the body which causes death of the body cells. Diastolic blood pressure is considered to be low when the blood pressure reading is less than 60.

High Diastolic Blood Pressure
When the diastolic blood pressure reading is more than 90, it is considered to be high. Under it, the blood vessels are prone to be less elastic in nature and it results in their blockage or rupturing.
If the diastolic blood pressure is too high, a person is said to have high blood pressure, which is also known as hypertension. High blood pressure means that the diastolic blood pressure reading is higher than 90.
In people with high blood pressure, the small blood vessels in the vital organs are most affected over the time. These blood vessels become scarred, hardened, and less elastic which means that they are more likely to get blocked or ruptured (leading to organ damage or even organ failure). This may happen as you get older, whether or not your blood pressure is too high. High blood pressure can speed up this process, so maintaining a normal blood pressure is a vital part of reducing the risk of a heart attack, stroke, or organ damage.
A person with a diastolic blood pressure reading between 80 and 89 has a condition called prehypertension.

Lowering Diastolic Blood Pressure
People who have a high level of diastolic blood pressure need to take extra caution to ensure that the already high pressure does not exceed itself or result in serious health consequences. The lifestyle of a person plays a major role in determining his level of blood pressure and therefore it must always stay normal. There are various other things which can help you in this regard, such as:

- Exercise daily for at least half an hour.
- Reduce the intake of salt in your diet.
- Reduce the extra kilos of your weight.
- Avoid or at least reduce the intake of smoking and alcohol.
- Try to have low-fat diet.
- Do not use high-fat dairy products.
- Have fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Blood pressure medication.
- Take required amount of nutrients in your diet.
- Stay away from stress.
- Garlic can prove to be quite helpful.

The treatment must be religiously adhered to and the instructions of your doctor in this regard must be carefully followed. Precautions, if any, advised by your doctor must be strictly taken care of. Medication must not be stopped without prior advice of your doctor. Always remember, your health is important for your well being.