Guides

Carrying Out and Reading a Blood Pressure Test

Blood pressure is termed as the force exerted in the arteries of the body when the heart is in a state of resting or beating. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) and is usually written one above or before the other with the diastolic number lying down and the systolic number lying up.

The usual blood pressure of a human being is less than 80 mm Hg of diastolic pressure and less than 120 mmHg of systolic pressure. The systolic pressure is used to describe the stage when the heart is beating and diastolic pressure describes the stage when the heart is resting in between the beats. The blood pressure of 120/80 mm Hg when measured can be referred to as '120 over 80.'

Hypertension or high blood pressure refers to the blood pressure being equal to or more than 90 mm Hg diastolic pressure or equal to or greater than 140 mm Hg systolic pressure. Hypertension is supposed to be a vital factor in directly raising the threat of stroke and coronary heart disease.

A single reading that shows a high level cannot be classified as a case of high blood pressure but one should be careful of the future risks. Regular checkups must be done and one must remember that only a continuous high blood pressure reading can be classified as hypertension or high blood pressure. The blood pressure of a person must not reach a level of over 90, regardless of the age of the person.

Blood pressure must be regularly measured and any abnormal changes that are noticed must be brought to the attention of the physician, immediately. it is advisable to measure the blood pressure when  the body is free from all types of stress. Urination 2 minutes before taking the test would help in the ascertainment of a clear picture. Also, one must not consume any sedatives, Caffeine and alcohol before the test.

It is scientifically proven that the blood pressure tends to be higher after sleeping hours and exercise schedules while it is low at the time of sleep.

There must not be any improper or unrecorded measurement of blood pressure as that would mean that the physician would not be able to accurately ascertain the readings and establish a clear and unambiguous picture. The measurement must be in accordance with the instructions of the physician and the blood pressure can be measured by the patient by using blood pressure kits that are readily available at all medical stores. The selection of the blood pressure recording instrument must be made after a prior consultation with the physician.

The measurement of blood pressure must be done without any stress and on an uninjured arm. In case of a female who has been operated in the past for removal for one of her breasts, the measurement must be done on the opposite arm for accurate measurement.