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Side Effects of High Blood Pressure Medications

High blood pressure is a problem that cannot be cured perfectly but the blood pressure levels in a person can be certainly lessened with the help of various medications. These medications, perhaps all of them have side effects but the benefits that one gets by using them outweigh their side effects. Here are discussed some blood pressure medications and the side effects associated with them.

Diuretics- can reduce the level of potassium in the body. As a result, you can have cramps in your leg, and also experience weakness. Prolonged treatment can also result in gouts. People who have diabetes can also experience changes in blood sugar level. In some cases, a patient can also get impotent. To get away with these side effects, you can have potassium supplements. For diabetics, a change in diet, insulin or some anti diabetic medications can be of help.

Beta blockers– can cause cold hands and feet, insomnia, slow heartbeat, symptoms of asthma, tiredness or depression and even impotency. Close monitoring is essential for diabetic patients.

ACE inhibitors– can cause skin rashes, dry mouth, coughing, loss of taste and even kidney damage.

Angiotensin II receptor blockers- can cause dizziness.

Calcium channel blockers- can cause swollen ankles, palpitations, headache or dizziness, and constipation.

Alpha blockers– This genre of medicines can make your heart beat faster. You might also experience spells of dizziness when you get up.

Combined alpha and beta blockers- can cause dizziness in patients when they get up.

Clonidine (Catapres), guanabenz (Wytensin)- may result in dry mouth, dizziness, and constipation. Do not stop this medication abruptly when you notice side effects. Be patient and take the help of your doctor.

Peripheral adrenergic inhibitors– can cause diarrhea, heart burn, a stuffy nose, nightmares, and even insomnia.

Guanadrel– Diarrhea, dizziness, light headedness, fainting are some of the side effects associated with this drug.

Blood vessel dilators- can cause headaches, heart palpitations or aches and pains in the joints and swelling around the eyes. Usually, none of these symptoms are severe, and most will go away after a few weeks of treatment. This drug isn't usually used by itself.

Minoxidil (Loniten)- is a drug usually used only in severe cases of high blood pressure. It may cause weight gain or excessive hair growth.

Important thing to remember here is that almost every medicine to treat high blood pressure would have some side effects. The vital thing is that you should cope with it properly and take necessary precautionary steps. This is possible only if you remain in contact with your doctor regularly. Do not stop any medication abruptly if it shows any side effects. Instead, consult your doctor for correct advice.