BP Basics

An Explanation of Blood Pressure Levels

Doctors often check the blood pressure (BP) levels when patients suffer from any kind of disease. This is important because your blood pressure levels may indicate the presence of any medical or health related problem.

If you are suffering from a health problem there are certain symptoms in the body are likely to change. One of the symptoms is the blood pressure level. Monitoring symptoms such as the blood pressure provides the doctors with insights about the nature of your disease and provide valuable assistance in diagnosis.

Blood pressure consists of two readings. One is called the systolic blood pressure and the other is the diastolic blood pressure. Systolic pressure is the maximum pressure exerted on the arterial walls. This force is generated when the heart contracts to pump the blood into the arteries from the left ventricle.  The ideal reading of systolic blood pressure is between 100 to 120mm of Hg (mercury).

Diastolic pressure is the minimum force experienced by the arteries. The ideal reading of this pressure is between 70 to 90mm of Hg. This push of blood is experienced when the heart is at rest after contraction. When the heart rests,  the force of the blood flow reduces and the arteries contract.

If you are having a health problem such as the build up of cholesterol plague in arteries, pain in the chest or experiencing difficulty in breathing, the doctor will check your blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, then the doctor will determine the root cause and prescribe suitable medication fir curing the disease.

Why do blood pressure levels change from normal?

As I said, BP acts as an indicator of your body's health. If anything goes wrong, the blood pressure will change and will be noticeable.

Another prominent cause of fluctuation in the blood pressure fluctuation is age.  Age plays a vital role in changing the nature of your BP. As you get older, your arteries constrict or your heart becomes weak. All these can have an effect on the blood pressure of your body.