BP Basics

What is Normal Blood Pressure Range?

The circulation of  blood in your body exerts some kind of pressure on the walls of the blood vessels. This pressure is called blood pressure. Basically, this pressure is felt in the arteries which carry the blood from the heart to the different parts of your body.

Blood pressure is of two types.  One is called the systolic pressure and the other is called diastolic pressure. When the heart beats, the pressure on the walls of the blood vessels is the maximum. This is known as systolic pressure and falls in the range of 100 to 130mm of Hg.

Diastolic blood pressure is the pressure that is exerted on the walls when the heart is resting between beats. Diastolic blood pressure is lower than the systolic blood pressure and the normal range falls between 70 to 90 mm of Hg.

Normal blood pressure is when the systolic and diastolic pressures fall between the prescribed ranges mentioned above. Doctors usually consider 120/90 mm Hg to be a normal blood pressure reading. This is an average reading and the actual reading may vary from one person to another.

The difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure should be within a certain limit.

For instance, a person has the following reading - 130/90 mm Hg. It may be considered as normal. If the reading is 130/80mm Hg, then there is a larger difference between the numerator and denominator. This may indicate high blood pressure.

The following are the recommendations that help to keep a person’s blood pressure within a normal range.

Drink plenty of water. This will help to excrete the salt from your blood through urination. Salt results in water retention. Drinking plenty of water actually helps to reduce the volume of water in your body. The body retains water as a natural response to not having enough water. As a result, drinking more water actually results in helping the body to get rid of excess water.
 
Limit the amount of alcohol that you consume to two drinks per day. Excessive alcohol increases the heart rate and may adversely affect the blood pressure level.

Increase the portion of fruit and vegetables in your diet. These two food groups provide you with vitamins, minerals and essential fiber. The next time that you feel like having a snack, reach for an apple or a heart healthy banana.

Limit the use of table salt in your diet. Try alternative flavoring agents such as herbs. Avoid eating too many processed foods, as these are high in sodium.