BP Basics

Hypertension And Exercise

Hypertension or high blood pressure affects approximately 50 million Americans. It mostly occurs among middle-aged and older individuals. Normal blood pressure is defined as blood pressure equal to 140/90 mmHg. So, if the blood pressure readings show more than 140 mm Hg (known as systolic rate) or more than 90 mm Hg (known as diastolic rate), one is thought to suffer from high blood pressure. For further details read Do's And Don'ts For A Healthy Life with Hypertension

Hypertension and exercise are intricately related to each other. The causes of high blood pressure have to be diagnosed first with the help of blood pressure monitors. Blood pressure is indirectly measured with a sphygmomanometer or digital blood pressure cuffs.

Dynamic exercises such as walking, running and cycling produce a different blood pressure response than static or resistance exercises such as in strength training and isometric exercise. The systolic rate rises steadily as the exercise intensity increases, while the diastolic rate varies minimally. Consequently, vigorous dynamic exercise can increase a typical systolic rate range to 220 mm Hg. If it becomes greater than 240 mm Hg, the cardiovascular system may not respond appropriately and in that case the exercise should be stopped immediately. The same should be done if the diastolic rate increases 20 mm Hg above resting value or reaches 115 mm Hg.

Now, during static or heavy resistance exercise, the pressure within the muscle increases and causes the small blood vessels in it to collapse. Whenever this occurs, oxygen rich blood cannot reach the working muscle. The increased blood pressure is the body's attempt to send oxygen to the working muscles by forcing open the arterioles.

Hypertension and exercise are to be properly analysed. The speed and magnitude of the rise in systolic and diastolic rates is greater as the contraction intensity and duration increase. To lower blood pressure naturally, you can take the help of blood pressure herbal remedy or blood pressure medication.