BP Monitor

Ways To Diagnose Hypertension

Hypertension is a condition when your blood pressure is recorded consistently at the level of 140/90 mmHg or higher. In most of the cases, hypertension does not show any symptoms. So, in order to stay up-to-date regarding your health, you need to undergo regular check-ups.

Now-a-days, several ways are available to diagnose hypertension. The use of sphygmomanometer is one of the most common ways to diagnose hypertension. Apart from this, certain tests like blood tests, chest X-ray and ECG can be performed as well. These tests act as a guiding principle for the required medical treatment.

The sphygmomanometer is a well-known instrument used for measuring blood pressure. It comprises of an inflatable cuff and a manometer. The cuff is to restrict the blood flow and the manometer is to measure the pressure.

While measuring BP with sphygmomanometer, the inflatable cuff is first wrapped around the upper arm to restrict the blood flow. Then slowly the air from the cuff is released. When the blood starts flowing again there is a slight swooshing sound. The pressure at this point is measured as the systolic pressure. And the pressure at which the sound disappears is noted as the diastolic pressure. The blood pressure rate is written as the systolic pressure/diastolic pressure mmHg.

If the reading is 140/90 mmHg or higher, it is termed as high blood pressure or hypertension.

One has to be very careful, while using the cuff as a very wide cuff or a small cuff or speaking during the test can give false readings which may lead to the wrong diagnosis of blood pressure.

The test performed at home to monitor the blood pressure is generally known as ambulatory monitoring. This is a good option for people who have white-coat hypertension.

Hypertension can be detected with the help of a physical examination also. But to find out which type of hypertension treatment you require, you need to undergo some tests. These include blood tests and urinalysis, an exercise stress test and an electrocardiogram.

Blood tests and a urinalysis: This test is basically performed to find out the underlying cause of hypertension. The underlying cause could be cholesterol, high potassium levels, blood sugar, infection, kidney malfunctions, and the likes.

An exercise stress test: This test is conducted for those who have borderline hypertension.

An electrocardiogram (ECG):
An electrocardiogram (ECG) records your heart's electrical activity. This is used as a screening test for people who are at a high risk of heart problems, including people with high blood pressure (hypertension) and high cholesterol.