Hypertension Treatment

Drugs for Hypertension

Hypertension is more commonly known as high blood pressure, a silent killer with not readily discernible  symptoms. As a result, the disease is hard to diagnose until it progresses to the later stages. The only way to diagnose the disease is to monitor blood pressure. In case the condition is positively diagnosed at an early stage, it is possible to treat the disease without resorting to medications and modifying the risk factors associated with it.

Hypertension or high blood pressure is the result of  environmental factors, unhealthy diet, smoking, heredity, stress, exercise or the lack of it, hormone level, salt content in the body, volume of water in the body, obesity amongst other factors. Although you can not do anything about your age, sex, heredity; you can do a lot of other things to control your blood pressure. You can start exercising properly,  quit smoking, shed weight and alter your diet to control your hypertension.
    
However, if you can not manage your blood pressure through these methods then it is recommended that you go for prescription drugs after consulting a doctor.

There are five types of hypertension drugs that are prescribed for high blood pressure. They are, Diuretics, Beta Blockers, ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme) inhibitors, Calcium Channel blockers and Angiotensin II ReceptorAantagonists. The functioning of these hypertension drugs are briefly described below:

Diuretics
Diuretics work by removing excess water and salt. The increase in the amount of urine  lessens the quantity of fluid in the bloodstream and results in decrease in pressure on artery walls. Some of the diuretic medicines are  Chlorothiazide (Diuril), Furosemide (Lasix), Spironolactone (Aldactone), and  Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix, HydroDIURIL).

Beta Blockers
Beta blockers are another type of hypertension drugs that work by relaxing the heart’s pumping action and widening the arterial blood vessels. This helps in reducing the blood pressure by controlling the central nervous system. Some of the Beta blockers are Propranolol (Inderal), Atenolol (Tenormin), Carvedilol (Coreg) and Bisoprolol (Zebeta).

ACE inhibitors
These medicines brings down the blood pressure quickly by acting on the arteries directly. Some of the ACE inhibitors are Benazepril (Lotensin), Enalapril (Vasotec), Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril) and others.
 
Calcium Channel Blockers
The medicine Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonsits: It is a new kind of drug that decreases the blood pressure by obstructing angiotensin from fastening to "receptor sites" in the soft muscles of the blood vessels. Some of them are Valsartan (Diovan), Eprosartan (Teveten), Losartan Potassium (Cozaar), Telmisartan (Micardis) among others.

But the fact is that none of these drugs can cure your high blood pressure completely. However in order to bring the condition under control, you need to take these drugs on a regular basis under medical supervision. Only then will they be of benefit to you.