Hypertension Treatment

Medicines for Treating Blood Pressure

High blood pressure and low blood pressure are two types of anomalies relating to blood pressure.  Both of the conditions can be dangerous.

Blood pressure is responsible for a number of complications. It can be fatal in case the patient has either diabetes or heart disease.  Doctors treat patients with blood pressure by first determining the underlying cause and then prescribing suitable medication. There are different medicines categorized based on underlying causes. Each category of medicine has a different effect on the body.

In case the patient’s blood pressure is because of not one, but multiple reasons, then the doctors prescribe medicines of different categories. The following are some of the categories of medicines that are used to treat high systolic blood pressure.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors: This category of medicine is also called as ACE inhibitors and includes medicines like benazepril, vasotec, quinapril and trandoapril. The medicines inhibit the body from secreting a hormone called angiotensin II, which causes vasoconstriction. These drugs thus help to reduce vasoconstriction and bring down the blood pressure of the patient.

Diuretics: Diuretics are a class of drugs that remove excess water from the body through urination. The removal of excess fluids from the blood reduces the overall volume of blood and helps to bring down the blood pressure. Examples of medicines that fall under this category are lasix, thalitone, esidrix and lozol.

Beta Blockers: These medicines help in reducing the heart beat so that the blood pressure or blood force from heart on the vessels is reduced. Medicines like sectral, tenormin, coreg, lopressor and inderal are called beta-blockers.

Alpha-blockers: This category of medicines relaxes the arteries and help to reduce the impact of blood pressure on them. Doxazosin and terazosin are examples of two medicines that fall under this category.

The popular perception is that low blood pressure or hypotension is not as dangerous as hypertension. That is however not the case. Hypotension can be life threatening in case it is severe. Most cases of hypotension can however be treated successfully.

In case of mild to moderate hypotension then doctors may advice you to rest, increase the amount of fluids that you drink and avoid alcohol, amongst other recommendations.

In cases of severe low blood pressure,  intravenous drips are given to increase the blood volume for exerting normal pressure.