Blood Pressure Alarms

Get To Know The Types of Hypertension

Hypertension is a common problem in people of all age groups, all over the world. However, different persons may suffer from different type of hypertension.

Primary or essential hypertension for which no underlying cause can be established is the most common form. It can be treated by changing the diet, exercising regularly, managing stress and meditating.

Secondary or non-essential hypertension may be caused due to secondary problems such as kidney damage, certain types of cancers, medication, thyroid problems or pregnancy. Treating the underlying cause is essential  in treating this type of hypertension.

Apart from these two main types of hypertension, there are other kinds. Malignant hypertension is a very severe form and is a continuously progressive condition. It can lead to organ damage. If not treated properly, it can within the span of five years,  prove to be fatal. It can cause death due to complications like brain hemorrhage or heart or kidney failure.

Isolated Systolic hypertension refers to a condition in which the systolic high blood pressure is above 160mmHg, while the diastolic pressure is normal at less than 90mmHg. It most commonly occurs due to hardening and narrowing of the arteries in the elderly, which may in turn be because of westernized lifestyles and diet. Modifying lifestyle or taking drugs, if required may help to reverse this condition.

White coat hypertension is anxiety induced rise in blood pressure levels. The blood pressure increases only if and when checked by a doctor, away from your normal environment. There is no treatment required for this condition. However, a regular follow-up is necessary so that a recurrent rise in blood pressure can be averted.

Change of  lifestyle, lowering the salt content in diet, resisting alcohol and nicotine and keeping a check on your weight are some ways that can be used to prevent white coat hypertension. A low fat high fiber diet, consisting of a lot of fruit and vegetables will definitely prove to be beneficial.

Pulmonary hypertension is a form of high blood pressure condition that occurs in the arteries that supply blood to your lungs. Resistant hypertension refers to a medical condition, in which the blood pressure remains consistently higher than 140/90mmHg levels, even after administering what is known as the triple drug therapy.

In order to accurately treat and cure high blood pressure, it is important to ascertain the type of hypertension that the patient suffers from,  so that treatment may be administered accordingly.