Blood Pressure Alarms

Types Of Hypertension

High blood pressure or hypertension is the medical term used for a state in which the arterial blood pressure is constantly above the normal range. High blood pressure or hypertension is the medical term used for a state in which the arterial blood pressure is constantly above the normal range. As the blood travels through the body, it pushes against the inner walls of the arteries.

On account of  possible obstruction and resistance, the heart has to work hard to pump out blood. In such situations, the blood pressure shoots up and you suffer from what is known as hypertension or high blood pressure.

A  blood pressure reading is measured in  two numbers. One is the systolic pressure  and the other is diastolic pressure.  The normal reading of blood pressure is 120/70 on an average for an adult. In this reading the 120 indicates systolic pressure whereas 70 indicates the diastolic pressure.

Blood pressure is measured by a sphygmomanometer (blood pressure cuff) in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). If a person shows reading of 140/90 for three consecutive times, the person is said to be suffering from high blood pressure.

As high blood pressure can result in serious complications like coronary artery diseases, kidney failure and stroke it is important to manage and treat the condition  as soon as it is diagnosed. In order to do that efficiently, it would be a good idea to know about the different types of   hypertension.

The two main types of  hypertension are  primary or essential hypertension and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension is a condition with no known causes, whereas secondary hypertension is on account of secondary or other ailments.

Apart from the two, there are also four other less commonly seen types of hypertension namely,  malignant hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension, white coat hypertension and resistant hypertension.

All these types of hypertension are briefly described below:
1. Primary hypertension: It is the most common type of hypertension affecting 95 percent of all the hypertensive cases. There is no single known reason behind this condition. Potential causes nay include environmental factors and genetic predisposition.
2. Secondary hypertension: It is a rare type of hypertension which is the result of other complications such as kidney problems, tumors, sleep apnea syndrome, thyroid dysfunction and other conditions. 
 3. Malignant hypertension: It is the cruelest form of hypertension that quickly results in organ damage and in most cases, death.
4. Isolated systolic hypertension: This type of hypertension usually occurs in older people where the systolic pressure is constantly above 160 mmHg. It is on account of constriction of the  arteries.  
5. White coat hypertension: It is the anxiety-induced hypertension that is the result of testing by a health professional in a clinical setting.
6. Resistant hypertension: Resistant hypertension is the high blood pressure when even after a triple-drug treatment, blood pressure does not fall below the reading of 140/90 mmHg.