BP Basics

Fluctuating blood pressure

The pressure exerted by the blood when it moves through the arteries after being pumped by the heart is called blood pressure. Its there in every mortal and has normal level for forcing the blood to circulate through out your body. 

Basically there are two pressures that are being exerted by blood on your arteries. One is called the systolic pressure and the other is called diastolic pressure. When the heart beats the pressure on the walls of the blood vessels is at the highest possible level and it is called as the systolic pressure which is normally between 100-130mm of Hg. And when the heart rests between each beat the pressure on the walls fall down and is called diastolic pressure.

The normal range of diastolic pressure is from 70-90mm of Hg. A normal blood pressure level (120/90mm of Hg) indicates the normal functioning of your body. The fluctuating blood pressure levels indicate that your body is not functioning well or there is something wrong in your body.

Usually the blood pressure fluctuates in two ways. It will either increase or decrease. Higher level of fluctuating blood pressure indicates that you have high blood pressure. This is a serious threat to your body. If left untreated it over a period of time you may become susceptible to heart disease, renal failure and a host of other complications.

 When  high blood pressure first strikes , there are no visible symptoms, but when it crosses a certain level you will feel experience some symptoms  like the swirling of the head when you suddenly get up from a sitting position , a little bit headache and more often restlessness.

It is advisable to get you blood pressure monitored in such a situation. The complications can range from stroke, paralysis, heart disease to renal failure and death. The high blood pressure fluctuations will be read as 140/90 mm of Hg or more.

The other fluctuating blood pressure may be negative. This means that you have low blood pressure. Here the heart beats slower or there is a reduction in the volume of your blood..   This situation can result in serious complications. You should consult a doctor if you feel dizziness, lightheaded or weakness. It is  very important to keep the blood pressure normal for a good blood circulation throughout your body.