BP Basics

Hypertension And Pulmonary Veno-Occlusive

Hypertension if left untreated can cause heart diseases, kidney disorders, strokes and damage to your legs, bones, and eyes. One more dangerous condition that can be a result of untreated hypertension is the irreversible condition, Pulmonary veno-occlusive. In this condition, the pulmonary veins are continuously obstructed. This causes an elevation in the pressure of the lung arteries.

Causes of pulmonary veno-occlusive:
The cause of this condition in most of the cases is not known. All the same, it is associated with viral infections. It may be a complication encountered in certain diseases related to the connective tissue diseases, like lupus or CREST. It can also be a complication in certain blood cancers like leukemia or lymphoma or a complication in the process of chemotherapy.

It affects mostly children and young adults. If left untreated, it can cause pulmonary hypertension, narrowed pulmonary veins and congestion and edema of the lungs.

Signs and symptoms of pulmonary veno-occlusive:
The symptoms of pulmonary veno-occlusive include:

1) Shortness of breath
2) Coughing up blood
3) Fatigue on exertion
4) Fainting
5) Congestion of lungs
6) Edema of lungs


And the signs for the same include:

1) Splitting of heart sounds
2) Elevated pressure of jugular venous
3) Finger clubbing
4) Enlargement of the bases of the fingernails
5) Bluish coloration of the skin


Tests and treatment for pulmonary veno-occlusive:
The tests your physician would ask you to undergo in order to diagnose pulmonary veno-occlusive are:

a) Chest X-ray
b) Cardiac catheterization
c) Echocardiogram
d) Chest CT
e) Lung biopsy
f) Arterial blood gases and
g) Pulmonary angiogram


These would only tell you whether you are suffering from pulmonary veno-occlusive or not. The treatment for this would be suggested by your physician.
In spite of all the available tests, till date, there is no effective or powerful medical treatment, as such, for pulmonary veno-occlusive. The only effective treatment in use is lung transplant.