BP Basics

Types Of Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels. Blood pressure usually means systemic arterial blood pressure. Systemic arterial blood pressure is the pressure of the blood in the large arteries, which deliver blood to the various organs of the body.

Blood pressure can be divided into two types, namely high blood pressure and low blood pressure.

High blood pressure
High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It is diagnosed when the blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or higher. In determining blood pressure, both the systolic and the diastolic numbers are taken into consideration. If one or both of the numbers are high, you are said to be afflicted with high blood pressure.

In general, there are two major and four rarely found types of high blood pressure.

The two major types of hypertension found are:

1) Primary hypertension: Primary hypertension has no known cause, and is found in most of the people.
2) Secondary hypertension: Secondary hypertension is basically caused by certain factors, and is sometimes very much curable.

Apart from these two types of hypertension, there are some other rare types of hypertension as well. These are:

A) Malignant Hypertension.
B) Isolated Systolic Hypertension
C) White Coat Hypertension
D) Resistant Hypertension

Low blood pressure
Low blood pressure refers to the fall in blood pressure below the normal accepted level. The normal accepted level of blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. When the pressure exerted by blood against the walls of the blood vessels during and after each heartbeat is much lower than the usual, it is considered as low blood pressure.

The symptoms of low blood pressure basically occur because of a decrease in perfusion of the blood to the brain, heart, skeletal muscle and other organs.

Once diagnosed with any type of blood pressure, it is essential to follow a strict treatment regimen along with the required changes in your life style.