BP Basics

What Is High Blood Pressure?

The heart usually pumps blood into the arteries. The blood gushes against the walls of the arteries pushing it. That is why, blood pressure is measured by monitoring that how hard the heart has to work to pump the blood out. When the arteries of the heart become hardened and narrowed with cholesterol plaque (atherosclerosis) and calcium (arteriosclerosis), the heart has difficulty in pumping the blood through them. As a result, blood pressure goes abnormally high. High blood pressure is also called hypertension. For more information, read What Is High Blood Pressure.

The worst thing about heart rate and blood pressure (high) is that usually it has no symptoms, but can cause serious complications. That is why, regular blood pressure measurement and blood pressure information is necessary. Blood pressure machines such as blood pressure monitor and digital blood pressure cuffs help you to keep track of your blood pressure levels.

Blood pressure is measured in systolic pressure (when the heart compresses) and diastolic pressure (when the heart relaxes). It's measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). High blood pressure strikes in an adult with systolic pressure/diastolic pressure equal to or greater than 140 mm Hg/90 mm Hg. High blood pressure results in severe complications, like coronary heart disease (which leads to heart attack) and stroke. It is more fatal especially when it's present with other risk factors like stress or depression. It is particularly prevalent among people with age over 35 but, at times it can affect both adults and children. Thus take care of your blood pressure levels for a healthy life.